Canada's Education System
Canada's Education system attracts students from all over the world. Though there is no federal department of education, it is maintained to a high standard by each of the provinces or territories and encompasses both publicly-funded and private schools.
It is also divided into three areas including Primary Education, Secondary/Higher Secondary Education and Tertiary Education.
Primary Education It starts at five years of age with kindergarten and runs for seven or eight years.
Secondary Education It starts at twelve or thirteen years of age and runs for three to four years.
Higher Secondary It starts at sixteen or seventeen years of age and runs for two years
Teritiary Education It includes both higher education and Vocational education and training (VET).
Vocational Education and Training
Whether you're recently graduated, want a career change or need to gain advanced skills in your existing profession, the vocational schools in Canada offers a plethora of study options customised to individual's interests and goals. The vocational schools cover a range of fields and also help gain knowledge in a variety of occupations.
Those who, in any case, do not meet the requirements of an education program can opt for foundation studies. With a duration of one year, foundation course is usually taken before starting a university program. It helps student improve academic performance to study for a full degree.
PATHWAY TO P.R
Student Visa Canada
International students who want to pursue education in Canada need to get an admission before applying for a student visa. Following is the process to get admission:
- Decide the course and institution
- Fill, Submit application form to the chosen institution or college online
- Get letter of acceptance from the education provider
- Receive Electronic Confirmation of Enrolment (eCOE)
- Apply for the Student Visa
Documents Required For The Offer Letter
- Birth and Leaving Certificate
- Passport size photographs
- 10th & 12th Marksheet, Credit & Trial Certificates
- Diploma's Mark sheet, Degree Certificate/Provisional Certificate
- ITI's Mark sheet, Degree Certificate
- Bachelor's Mark sheet, Degree Certificate/Provisional Certificate (Transcript if required)
- Master's Mark sheet, Degree Certificate/Provisional Certificate (Transcript if required)
- Work Experience Letter if required
- IELTS/PTE certificate
All the International students are required to obtain a Student Authorization and a Visa before going to Canada for studies and meet the requirements of the Canadian Immigration Regulations.
The candidate applying for the visa must give the authority a period of 2 months for the Visa to be processed.
Documents Required For Visa Application
- Police Clearance Certificates and Medical Reports
- Academic Certificates
- Proof of Funds
- Official letter of acceptance from a Canadian university, college or Technical Institute
- College/University Fees Payment Receipt
- I.C Payment Receipt or Education Loan Acceptance Letter
- Statement of Purpose
- Other relevant certificates
A student planning to apply under Student Partners Program (SPP) process needs to purchase a Guaranteed Investment Certificate (G.I.C.) account and deposit CAD$ 10,200 as a proof of their living expense for one year in their account.
After receiving the Letter of Acceptance from the college, the student needs to process for the G.I.C., which takes around 10 to 15 working days.
Initially, the student needs to create a new email id with Scotia Bank. This process takes 4 to 5 days. After that the student needs to make a payment from his/her account through a wire transfer and pay CAD$ 10,200 and from that CAD$ 10,000 would be deposited in their G.I.C. and CAD$ 200 is deducted as Administration charge by Scotia Bank.
After the payment is done, it may take up to 3 or 4 days for the money to get credited in the G.I.C. account.
The student needs to take a print of the receipt of payment in G.I.C. and the receipt should be self-attested in the file while during the application of the Visa process.
Once the student lands in Canada, they need to open a Savings account in Scotia Bank where they will get CAD$ 2000 right away for their living expense and the remaining balance gets transferred in their account every alternate month in equal installments for their living expenses in the entire year.
English Language Requirements
|Programs||English Test Score|
|Diploma programs||IELTS - Overall band score of 5.5 with no band less than 5.0
PTE – Overall 45; no less than 36
|Bachelor’s Degree||IELTS - Overall band score of 6.0,
no less than 5.5 PTE – Overall 50; no less than 45
|Graduate Diploma||IELTS - Overall band score of 6.5
no less than 6.0 PTE – Overall 6.5; no less than 50
|Master Programs||IELTS - Overall band score of 6.5;
no less than 6.0 PTE – Overall 6.5; no less than 50
The cost of education in Canada is low compared to other countries like UK Australia and New Zealand. The country offers a great opportunity to international students to save a considerable amount of money on education courses without compromising with the quality.
However, the tuition fees varies across different provinces and programs. The table given below can help you get an idea of the average cost for international students in different provinces of Canada for different fields.
|Provinces||Cost of Undergraduate Studies in Canada||Cost of Graduate Studies in Canada|
|Quebec||$9,168 - 10,518||$8,268 - 20,000|
|Alberta||$6,293 - 11,078||$5,298 - $19,200|
|Ontario||$6,900 - 16,204||$5,432 - 29,000|
|British Columbia||$4,462 - 15,870||$2,272 - $17,499|
|Newfoundland||$7,260||$1,896 - 3,549|
|Manitoba||$4,940 - 6,900||$3,795 - 9,685|
|New Brunswick||$7,063 - 10,720||$5,610 - 8,465|
|Prince Edward Island||$7,510||$6,100|
|Saskatchewan||$7,779 - 10,890||$5,313|
The minimum amount required by the Department of Home Affairs to issue a Canadian student visa is $10,000 for 12 months (excluding the cost of spouse or any other dependent family member.
|Off Campus Lodging||$250 - $ 750 per month|
|School/University Provided Home-stays||$ 400 - $800 per month|
|School/University Provided Residence/Dormitory||$3000 - $7500 per year|
|Bus Fare One Way||$2.00 - $3.00|
|Groceries||$150 - $200 per month|
|Utilities & Miscellaneous||$300 per month|
|Average Restaurant Meal||$10.00 - 25.00 per person|
|Movie||$11.50 - $13 Approx|
|Air ticket||$500 to $2000|
|Health/Medical Insurance||$300 to $500|
Work Opportunities on Canadian Student Visa
International students, while studying in Canada, can work up to 20 hours per week to meet their living costs. The country offers many part-time employment opportunities in different sectors including hospitality, travel, tourism, Food Service, etc. However, it is essential for an international student to get aware of the requirements and obligations of their visa.
While the international graduates are also allowed to work for 2 years. They can also apply for permanent residency after completing 1 year of working in the Canadian workforce.
Before applying for a job in Canada, you must get a Social Insurance number (SIN). It is a nine digit number that provides an access to government programs and benefits whilst allow employers to process payroll and inform Canadian Revenue Agency of the amount of money you earn.
Industries Offering Part-time Work in Canada
- Hospitality (Restaurants and cafes)
- Retail (Super markets, clothing stores, libraries)
- Tourism (Hotels and Motels)
- Sales and Telemarketing